What is Artificial Intelligence? Benefits, challenges, and future of AI.

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It may feel as if artificial intelligence has been recently developed since we are hearing more of it these days, but the theory of artificial intelligence and the work around it started in the early 1900s. It’s because of the early efforts put in by some of the experts, today we are surrounded by AI machines and software.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence or AI is the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior through the automation of various types of tasks. In other words, AI is a simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think and learn like humans. It can be used to perform tasks that may require human intelligence such as making decisions, understanding languages, and playing games.

AI comes in a variety of forms, such as rule-based learning, deep learning, and machine learning. It is a collection of numerous diverse technologies that combine to give machines the ability to see, understand, act, and learn at levels of intelligence comparable to that of humans. AI isn’t just one thing it’s a combination of other technologies, hence everyone’s definition of AI might be different.

Let’s take a brief look at the basics of how they work. Machine learning is one of the techniques used to develop artificial intelligence. ML is the ability of computer systems to learn and improve their performance without direct human intervention. Machine learning programs use algorithms to analyze data and teach a computer how to perform a task, instead of requiring instructions or programming to perform a specific task.

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Image by Gordon Johnson from Pixabay

Predictions are made by identifying the patterns automatically, which then guide the action taken. Deep learning is a technique for implementing machine learning using networks consisting of layers of interconnected nodes to mimic the way neurons connect and process data in the human brain. Using data as input, a deep learning system finds and learns patterns. As new data is added, the system improves its performance. The product of the field of AI technologies that use AI capabilities is called cognitive technologies. They are capable of tasks that previously only humans can perform.

In rule-based learning, the system makes use of predefined rules to make decisions or perform tasks. This technique is mostly used in customer service chatbots that have some set of predefined questions that they will ask the customer.

Some common examples of cognitive technologies include computer vision, natural language processing, speech recognition, and robotics. Computer vision helps computers understand what they are seeing, for example, it’s used to recognize pedestrians, and other vehicles while in self-driving cars. Robotics deals with the design, construction, and operations of robots. Most advanced robots use cognitive technologies to perform tasks along with humans.

Some examples of Artificial Intelligence:

  • AI technologies are used in multiple ranges of applications including finance, manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, etc. Some of the most common examples of AI include image processing, speech recognition, and natural language processing.
  • Image and facial recognition: This technology is used in applications such as security systems and social media tagging.
  • Natural language processing (NLP): This is a type of AI that enables computers to understand, interpret, and generate human language. Examples include voice assistants like Siri and Alexa and language translation software.

Interesting facts about artificial intelligence:

*AI-enabled devices are all over the place. AI technology is used in some form or another in nearly 77 percent of today's devices.

*Kismet, a robot developed in the late 1990s, can recognize emotions through human body language and voice tone.

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Effective operations: AI may lower friction, enhance analytics, and better utilize resources across your firm, resulting in considerable cost savings. Additionally, it helps automate complicated procedures and reduce downtime by foreseeing maintenance requirements. Enhancing human intelligence through deep analytics and pattern prediction, AI can help employees make judgments that are more accurate and creative.

Innovative offerings: Machines can uncover gaps and opportunities in the market more quickly because they think differently from humans. They help in the introduction of new products, services, and business models with improved decision-making and prediction using data and machine learning.

Employee empowerment: AI can handle boring chores, freeing up workers’ time to complete high-value tasks. While promoting the success of all workers, AI can also be utilized to unleash the amazing potential of talent with impairments. Ability to process large amounts of data quickly, and perform some of the dangerous tasks that otherwise would be difficult task for humans.

Better customer service: For hyper customization, continuous machine learning offers a consistent stream of 360-degree customer insights. Businesses can utilize AI to curate information in real-time and offer high-touch experiences that promote growth, retention, and general satisfaction, from 24/7 chatbots to quicker help desk routing.

Enhancements in every sector: AI can help with enhancing medicines, transport, education, manufacturing, and many more. It can also help in the personalization of products and services to meet the specific needs of customers.

Challenges in adopting Artificial Intelligence

AI technologies come with challenges and risks associated with them. Some of them are:

Computing power: One basic challenge is the availability of computing power. AI technologies process vast amounts of data and make a very large number of calculations in very little time.

Availability of expertise: As AI technologies and algorithms become more complex, more computing power will be needed to solve this issue. Availability of expertise or talent is a challenge because many cognitive technologies are new and just starting to be used by businesses.

Trust in AI: Customers or stakeholders do not fully trust AI and are not willing to adopt it fully. People don’t understand how things work and how decisions are made using AI. Educating more and more people on this topic should minimize this challenge.

Some best movies on Artificial Intelligence:

1. The Matrix Series (1991)

2. 2001: A Space Odyssey

3. Ex-Machina (2014)

4. Coded Bias (2020)

Future of Artificial Intelligence

Define your business value: Artificial intelligence can be used in many different ways. How do organizations decide what to focus on? To make a business scalable, value must be defined for your business. Then assess and prioritize the various applications of AI against those strategic objectives.

Rework your workforce: To support and scale AI, which is gaining traction, you need a diversified, reorganized workforce. Despite initial concerns that automation and artificial intelligence would result in job losses, the future of AI depends on human-machine collaboration and the necessity to redefine talent and working methods.

Establish governance and ethical frameworks: Companies must keep trust in mind when developing their AI strategy. That entails creating the appropriate governance frameworks and ensuring that moral standards are reflected in the creation of algorithms and software.

Successfully implementing these elements can assist firms in unlocking exponential value and maintaining competitiveness. AI is now more important for a company’s future than just a “good to have.”

Some frequently asked questions: Artificial Intelligence

Q. Is Siri artificial intelligence?

Yes, Siri is AI. 

Siri is Apple’s virtual assistant mostly used on iPhone. It uses voice recognition and is powered by artificial intelligence.

Q. Do we use AI in our daily life?

Yes, we all by some or other means use AI daily. Eg. emails, ride-sharing apps, food delivery apps, and social media like Instagram, and Facebook.

Q. Which programming languages are used to develop AI?

The programming languages that are widely used in AI are Python and Java. 

Q. Is Google an Artificial Intelligence?

Yes, Google Search is an AI. 

Also, Bard is Google’s new conversational AI that will soon be available for use.


Artificial Intelligence is rapidly growing as we can see its application in various fields like medicine, manufacturing, software, financial services etc. Industry experts are constantly thriving to explore different ways to maximize the benefits of AI.

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